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剥掉复杂句子外衣——去除过去分词

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2019年06月04日

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去除过去分词

①我们在前面讲述了如何辨别不定式和现在分词的结构并进行删减,过去分词的作用和它们一样,也可以做后置定语修饰名词。过去分词一般表示的是被动语态。其实,过去分词做后置定语时,其形式是对定语从句的省略。

The poet known in the country passed away last week.

这个句子原来是这样的:

The poet who was known in the country passed away last week.

这句话中,who was known in the country 是定语从句,所以可以删去,last week 是修饰passed away 的,也可以删去,所以句子剩下的主干信息就是:The poet passed away.

②有很多时候,过去分词会放在句子的开头,其构成是对状语从句的省略,因为状语从句的主语和主句的主语是一致的。

Asked the question, I was silent.(过去分词形式)

As I was asked the question, I was silent.(状语从句形式)

上面这两个句子意思是一样的。由于状语从句是对句子的修饰,可以删去,所以过去分词形式也是可以删去的。删去以后,句子就变为了I was silent.是不是觉得句子特别简单了?

现在让我们做一下练习吧!

1.This book is a best-seller bought by many youths.

2.The film loved by many couples was very interesting.

3.Located in town, our shop get many consumers streaming in and out.

4.After left alone at night, I was very lonesome.

5.Many people laughing, I saw many novels badly thumbed.

超强实践

Galway Kinnell, the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet whose work explored themes of nature, religion and human rights, died Tuesday of leukemia at 87 in Sheffield, Vt., reports the New York Times.

Kinnell wrote more than a dozen books of poetry in a career that spanned five decades.Among his best-known works are “The Book of Nightmares” (1973), “When One Has Lived a Long Time Alone”(1990) and “Selected Poems” (1982), which won the Pulitzer Prize and the National BookAward.

A native of Rhode Island, Kinnell was born in Providence and raised in the nearby town of Pawtucket.He attended Princeton University, where he was friends with W.S.Merwin, the future U.S.poet laureate.

In a 1985 appearance at Chapman College, the Los Angeles Times reported that Kinnell was characteristically reticent when asked personal questions.After a student asked if he could “tell us a little bit about your life,” Kinnell responded, “Well, I could tell you a little bit.I could tell you a lot, but I won't.” He continued, “I was a very silent child, almost mute.I think everybody was too busy to talk to me.I developed a big sense of isolation from others.Gradually I felt that if I was ever going to have a happy life, it was going to have to do with poetry.”

Kinnell was politically active in the 1960s.He was an outspoken opponent of the Vietnam War, and as a member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), he was once arrested in Louisiana after a workplace integration protest.

In an interview with the Burlington (Vermont) Free Press, Kinnell's friend Philip Levine, former U.S.poet laureate, said Kinnell never discussed his arrest:“He wouldn't do anything that would ever sound like boasting.He's a real American in a way.He's the kind of person that this country created and hopefully still creates.People from nowhere somehow invent themselves.They say, ‘I'm gonna be a poet, and I'm gonna be a good person.'”

删减版

Galway Kinnell, the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet whose work explored themes of nature, religion and human rights, died Tuesday of leukemia at 87 in Sheffield, Vt., reports the New York Times.

Kinnell wrote more than a dozen books of poetry in a career that spanned five decades.Among his best-known works are “The Book of Nightmares” (1973), “When One Has Lived a Long Time Alone”(1990) and “Selected Poems” (1982), which won the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award .

A native of Rhode Island, Kinnell was born in Providence and raised in the nearby town of Pawtucket.He attended Princeton University, where he was friends with W.S.Merwin, the future U.S.poet laureate .

In a 1985 appearance at Chapman College, the Los Angeles Times reported that Kinnell was characteristically reticent when asked personal questions.After a student asked if he could “tell us a little bit about your life ,”Kinnell responded,“Well, I could tell you a little bit.I could tell you a lot, but I won't.”He continued, “I was a very silent child, almost mute.I think everybody was too busy to talk to me .I developed a big sense of isolation from others ...Gradually I felt that if I was ever going to have a happy life, it was going to have to do with poetry.”

Kinnell was politically active in the 1960s.He was an outspoken opponent of the Vietnam War, and as a member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), he was once arrested in Louisiana after a workplace integration protest.

In an interview with the Burlington (Vermont) Free Press, Kinnell's friend Philip Levine, former U.S.poet laureate, said Kinnell never discussed his arrest:“He wouldn't do anything that would ever sound like boasting.He's a real American in a way.He's the kind of person that this country created and (hopefully) (still) creates.People from nowhere somehow invent themselves.They say, ‘I'm gonna be a poet, and I'm gonna be a good person.'”


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