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剥掉复杂句子外衣——去除现在分词

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2019年05月17日

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去除现在分词

①现在分词可以用来修饰前面的名词,实际上,现在分词直接修饰名词作后置定语是来自定语从句中关系代词的省略。

There are many people seeking for new jobs.句子中seeking for new jobs 原来是定语从句中的一部分。这个句子之前包含有定语从句:There are many people (who are) seeking for new jobs.后面我们会讲到,名词后面的从句是可以删去的,所以由从句转化而来的动名词也是可以删去的。

The street was crowded with many people seeking for new jobs.

这个句子是我们之前讲到的“介词+名词”结构。我们发现,这个结构是“介词+名词”和“名词+动名词”的结合体。由于seeking for new jobs 是修饰people 的,而people 又是位于介词之后,所以,这一大部分都可以删去。句子就删减成:The street was crowded.

另外还要注意,现在分词后面的宾语也要随现在分词一同删去。

②现在分词除了可以修饰名词,还可以做状语。

Watching TV, I lay on my bed.句子中的watching TV是修饰后面的主句的,由于现在分词做状语修饰整个句子,属于句子的附加信息,所以可以删去。

现在让我们做一下练习吧!

1.The boy playing with a toy plays with another little boy.

2.I see many students studying in the classroom.

3.He gave her a gift to please her, hoping for her heavenly smile.

4.I had a large house occupying 150 square meters.

5.He was afraid of that disease causing lots of people to die.

超强实践

George Clooney has hired the screenwriter of Oscar-tipped Stephen Hawking biopic The Theory of Everything, Anthony McCarten, to write his upcoming film about the News of the World hacking scandal, reports Deadline.

McCarten will adapt the bestselling book HackAttack by Guardian journalist Nick Davies for the film, which Clooney revealed plans to direct last month.The expose is billed as an account of the phone-hacking scandal that rocked the British establishment and resulted in the closure of the 168-year-old tabloid.

McCarten is a New Zealand-born screenwriter, producer and novelist who splits his time between London and Los Angeles.The Theory of Everything, starring Eddie Redmayne as Hawking, is seen as one of next year's potential awards season frontrunners and could see its writer challenge in the best adapted screenplay category at the Oscars.

Clooney, whose father was a newsman and whose film Good Night, and Good Luck examined the celebrated work of television journalist Edward R Murrow, reportedly plans an All the Presidents Men-style procedural examining Davies' investigation into Rupert Murdoch's media empire and its questionable practices for confirming celebrity scoops.

The actor and director said last month:“This has all the elements —lying, corruption, blackmail—at the highest levels of government by the biggest newspaper in London.And the fact that it's true is the best part.Nick is a brave and stubborn reporter and we consider it an honour to put his book to film.”

Shooting on the film, also expected to be titled Hack Attack, will begin next year.

删减版

George Clooney has hired the screenwriter of Oscar-tipped Stephen Hawking biopic The Theory of Everything, Anthony McCarten, to write his upcoming film about the News of the World hacking scandal, reports Deadline.

McCarten will adapt the bestselling book Hack Attack by Guardian journalist Nick Davies for the film, which Clooney revealed plans to direct last month.The expose is billed as an account of the phone-hacking scandal that rocked the British establishment and resulted in the closure of the 168-year-old tabloid.

McCarten is a New Zealand-born screenwriter, producer and novelist who splits his time between London and Los Angeles. The Theory of Everything, starring Eddie Redmayne as Hawking , is seen as one of next year's potential awards season frontrunners and could see its writer challenge in the best adapted screenplay category at the Oscars.

Clooney, whose father was a newsman and whose film Good Night, and Good Luck examined the celebrated work of television journalist Edward R Murrow, reportedly plans an All the Presidents Men-style procedural examining Davies' investigation into Rupert Murdoch's media empire and its questionable practices for confirming celebrity scoops.

The actor and director said last month:“This has all the elements—lying, corruption, blackmail—at the highest levels of government by the biggest newspaper in London.And the fact that it's true is the best part.Nick is a brave and stubborn reporter and we consider it an honour to put his book to film.”

Shooting on the film , also expected to be titled Hack Attack, will begin next year .


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