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Listen To This3lesson 18

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News in Brief
News Item 1:
Focusing on Details. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
1. In Midwest, more than have been forced out of their houses.
2. Illinois suffered heavily with , and $ damage blamed on flooding.
3. today in Oklahoma when was swept off .
4. A dam was in and remains but , and officials are fearful .

News Item 2:
General Comprehension. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements.
1. Jean Marc Srucie is a .
2. According to the French Foreign Ministry, Jean Marc Srucie has today.
3. Last Sunday he was reported being in .
4. Today he was set free in .
5. According to the official source, he is now in of Beirut.
6. has claimed responsibility for his kidnapping.

News Item 3:
1. General Comprehension. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements.
(1) Today President Reagan paid to .
(2) Carter's library is located .
(3) When Reagan said "there was no need to downplay differences between the two men", he believed that the difference between them was an indication of of the country because in countries two political leaders could , yet .
(4) Reagan said that Jimmy Carter had with his , and .

2. Focusing on Details. Explain the significance of each of the following figures.
(1) 1980:
(2) 62:
(3) 70:

News in Detail
1. General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statement.
(1) Plagued by flood waters, ___________ called upon the State National Guard to rescue people who had been trapped in flooded areas.
a. Illinois
b. Wisconsin
c. Oklahoma
d. Chicago
(2) The northeastern part of Illinois suffered a great deal of damage ___________.
a. because of the lack of sandbags
b. after several days of heavy rain
c. before several days of heavy rain
d. before the State National Guard was called upon
(3) When the Illinois governor appeared on the scene, he promised his people that ___________.
a. the US Army Corps of Engineers would inspect the disaster areas soon
b. the weather forecast would be encouraging
c. the State National Guard would be called upon
d. the much needed sandbags would arrive soon
(4) Three counties ___________ were hit hard by storms and the home-owners saw pouring into their streets and homes.
a. in northern Illinois
b. in Chicago area
c. in western Wisconsin
d. in northeastern Oklahoma
(5) It is estimated by Illinois State emergency officials that Illinois could suffer __________ in damages in what is one of the worst flooding disasters in Illinois.
a. $30,000
b. $300,000
c. $3,000,000
d. $30,000,000
(6) In Gurney, Illinois, the floor of elementary school classrooms is covered with ___________.
a. five inches of water
b. five feet of water
c. seven inches of water
d. seven feet of water

2. True or False Question.
(1) Flood waters have started in Midwest today.
(2) The sandbags could hardly stop flood waters.
(3) Illinois residents in the flooded areas have been trying be to evacuate ever since the flooding started.
(4) Little could be done about the flooding but wait until it passes.
(5) The weather forecast is of much comfort to the residents.

3. Focusing on Details. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
(1) Several states are facing .
(2) The states reportedly affected in the Midwest are , and .
(3) Illinois governor, James Thompson, tried .
(4) Residents and authorities have been their hopes on .
(5) There's people calling up now that refused .
(6) The floods have also forced and to shut down.

Special Report
1. General Comprehension. Fill in the missing information in the following key statements.
(1) The key to the success of fast food restaurants is .
(2) The ignored factor is .
(3) All roast beef was than all in the tests conducted.
(4) Chicken is a food that is highly recommended by people who are very and very because it is a food .

2. True or False Questions.
(1) As far as the burger, which chain to eat at is less important than the kind of burger itself, whether a simple and naked one or the burger with all the rich toppings on it.
(2) The message for many fast food is to keep it simple, but not necessarily small.
(3) The differences in roast beef in all chains are not very notable.
(4) Fast foods have made some Americans rich and have brought about a revolution in the eating habits of many Americans.
(5) It is impossible to offer nutritious tasty foods at fast food chains.

3. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements.
(1) According to Michael Jacobson's test, hamburger meat in most of the chains was pretty , grade.
(2) Chicken nuggets are composite chicken made with , held together with and .
(3) What is the difference between chicken nuggets and chicken tenders?
Answer: Chick tenders use and, therefore, their is much lower than that of chicken nuggets.
(4) Chicken products usually have less fat than beef products partly because the fat tends to .
(5) Jacobson suggests to turn fried chicken into a really nutritious product by the chicken and the to rid most of the and the .
(6) Jacobson believes such items as , low-fat , low-fat or skin , , , backed chicken, and should be kept on the menus of fast food restaurants if they intend to improve their food nutritionally.

4. Vocabulary Exercises.
(1) List all the fast food mentioned in the report.

 

Key: Big Macs; fried chicken; hamburger (singles, doubles, triples); cheeseburger; baconburger; mushroomburger; chicken nuggets; chicken tenders; roast beef; fresh fruit; low-fat milk; skim milk; baked fish; baked chicken.



(2) List all the ingredients in fast food.

 

Key: Hamburger meat; toppings; sodium phosphate; chemicals; salt; ground chicken skin; chicken.
 

Midwest
 

    Midwest, or Middle West, a name given to a large area in the north center of the United States, usually taken as comprising the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, and containing about a quarter of the total population. Lord Bryce, who first distinguished the area in 1888, said that the Midwest is the most distinctively American part of the United States. It tends to be Republican and isolationist.

McDonald's
    It refers to a chain of drive-in restaurants established and developed by Ray Kroc (1902??1984). It uses assembly-line format to prepare and sell a large volume of hamburgers, French fries, and milk shakes. The first of the chain was opened April 15, 1955 in Des Plaines, Illinois. The present McDonald's is based on a restaurant owned by two brothers, Maurice and Richard McDonald in San Bernardio, California.

Much of the flood-plagued Midwest got more rain today. Flood waters have forced more than 2,000 families out of their homes. Illinois has suffered heavily with 4 deaths and $ 30,000 damage blamed on flooding. There are also reports that one man was killed today in Oklahoma when his car was swept off a bridge. A partially-ruptured dam was in Wisconsin and remains standing but leaking, and officials are fearful more rain could cause it to burst.


A French television cameramen reported kidnapped in Lebanon on Sunday has been freed according to the French Foreign Ministry. A spokesman says Jean Marc Srucie was released today in the southern suburbs of Beirut and has returned to the Christian east sector of the city. No group claimed responsibility for his kidnapping and the Foreign Ministry did not provide any details about his captivity or his return.


President Reagan paid tribute today to former president Jimmy Carter during dedication ceremonies for Mr. Carter's presidential library near Atlanta. President Reagan, who soundly defeated Carter in the 1980 election, said there was no need to downplay differences between the two men: "Our very differences attest to the greatness of our nation, for I can think of no other country on earth where two political leaders could disagree so widely, yet come together in mutual respect." Mr. Reagan went on to say former President Carter graced the White House with his passion, intellect and commitment. The library was dedicated on Mr. Carter's sixty-second birthday. And President Reagan advised his predecessor that life begins at seventy.


There was more rain in the Midwest today, where several states are facing rising flood waters. Thousands of people in Illinois and Wisconsin have been forced from their homes. And in Oklahoma, the State National Guard was called upon to rescue stranded homeowners who had been cut off and trapped. In northeastern Illinois, the floods follow 5 straight days of heavy rain. Cheryl Coralie of member station, WBEZ, reports that the governor of Illinois was on the scene with a promise for the people:
"They're coming. They're coming. They're on the way." During his tour of the damaged areas, Illinois governor, James Thompson, tried to buoy the spirits of weary residents, alerting them that much coveted sandbags were on the way. Three northern and western counties near Chicago, hard hit by storms, have seen the burgeoning Foy and Desplaines Rivers spill into their streets, their garages and, ultimately, their homes.
Residents and authorities had been pinning their hopes on sandbagging. Public works trucks line up to load sand onto their flatbeds. The US Army Corps of Engineers with state officials today are distributing a quarter million of the bags to communities stricken or threatened by ever expanding flood waters. But for some residents, even the sandbags have failed.
"The water, from flowing this way, went through and by the pressure finally knocked the sandbags over. And, within a matter of a minute, every wall came down, and I was standing in water this deep."
State emergency officials say the state could suffer $ 30,000,000 in damages and what is one of Illinois' worst flooding disasters. Most residents have been trying to tough it out, but rescue worker, Dave Besh, says that's changing:
"I know there's people calling up now that refused evacuation yesterday, that are calling here now, getting hold of our trucks verbally because their phones are out, that want to be evacuated now and they're trying to get the boats to get them out of there."
The floods have driven more than 2,000 people from their homes. They have also forced road closures and businesses and schools to shut down. In Gurney, Illinois, the elementary school classrooms sit under 5 feet of water and Gurney Deputy Fire Chief, Tim McGrath, says there's little that can be done.
"We know we're going to displace. We know that we're going to sustain more loss. There's no way of confining the river, of course, there's no controlling the river."
Today, Governor Thompson declared a number of additional community state disaster areas, setting up the first step for Federal help. The rainy weather forecast is not of much comfort, and some weary workers and homeowners say the only thing left to do now is wait until the flooding passes and put everything back together again.
For National Public Radio, I'm Cheryl Coralie in Chicago.


Fast food restaurants have made some Americans rich. It's been more than 30 years since the first McDonald's opened, and this nation's eating habits have been transformed by fast food. Today, we spend over $50,000,000,000 a year on Whopper's Big Macs and the Colonel's Fried Chicken. The key is convenience. The ignored factor is nutrition. That's something Michael Jacobson cares about. He's written a Fast Food Guide to tell consumers what's under the bun. As far as hamburgers go, Jacobson says one chain's burger is as good nutritional as the next.
"Each chain has a variety of hamburgers: singles, doubles, triples; in some restaurants, cheeseburger, baconburger, mushroom burgers, and generally, when they start gussying up the hamburger with the toppings, you're going to get more fat, more salt, and less nutritious product."
"So you think you shouldn't be so concerned with which chain it is you're eating at as far as the burger, but rather whether you're getting the simple, naked burger, or the burger with all the fillings on it. That's where a lot of the fat comes in."
"For instance, at Wendy's, you can just get a regular little hamburger, which has about 4 teaspoons of fat, or you can get then triple cheeseburger with 15 teaspoons of fat, and that's a tremendous difference. I think the message for hamburgers and many other fast foods is to keep it simple, keep it small."
"Is the meat that's used in most of these chains fattier than what I'd buy if I went to the butcher and bought meat?"
"We actually had these meats analyzed, and we found they were pretty average. It was an ordinary grade hamburger meat for most of the chains. You can get much leaner meat at the grocery store, or if you get ground round. If you want red meat and you want to eat at a fast food restaurant, I recommend going for the roast beef. All roast beef was leaner than all hamburger meat in the tests we conducted."
"Now this does differ from chain to chain because, for instance, the Roy Roger's roast beef, you have listed as having 2% fat whereas Arby's roast beef, 13%."
"The differences in roast beef are really remarkable. Arby's and Hardy's have 7 times as much fat as Roy Roger's. Also, Roy Roger's had real roast beef, whereas Arby's has kind of a composite roast beef, where the beef is chipped and scrunched together with sodium phosphate and other chemicals."
"It is impossible now to watch TV without seeing commercials for chicken nuggets from one chain or another. What are chicken nuggets made out of?"
"Chicken McNuggets at McDonald's, probably the original chicken nuggets, are not whole pieces of chicken. Rather it's composite chicken made with ground-up chicken skin held together with sodium phosphate and salt. It's a relatively fatty product, about 5 teaspoons of fat for a small order of McNuggets. The competition at, say, Burger King, which makes chicken tenders, uses real chicken. And the fat content, partly because it doesn't have ground up chicken skin in it, is much lower, about 2 teaspoons for a small order of chicken tenders."
"Chicken is a food that is highly recommended by people who are very calorie conscious and are very fat conscious, because it's a food low in fat. But once you get the chicken and you deep fry it, as they do at all the fast food chains, is it still a nutritionally good food?"
"Well, chicken products tend to have less fat than beef products partly because the fat stays on the outside. If you're getting fried chicken, you ought to take off the skin, take off the breading. That's where most of the fat, most of the sodium are. So you can turn kind of a mediocre product into really quite a nutritious product."
"If the fast food industry came to you for advice about how they could nutritionally improve their menus, what would you tell them?"
"Fresh fruit, low-fat diary products, low-fat or skim milk, keep up those salad bars, baked fish, baked chicken, and that lean roast beef. It is possible to offer nutritious tasty foods at a fast food restaurant, and I hope that the chains are moving in the right direction with the proliferation of salad, salad bars, and the like."
In Washington, Michael Jacobson, Director of the Center for Science in the Public Interest.
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