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Listen To This3lesson 11

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https://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0001/1698/11_5218027.mp3
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News in Brief
News Item 1:
1. Focusing on Details. Fill the detailed information according to what you have heard.
(1) Announcer:
(2) Time of Announcement:
(3) Details of the Announcement:
  a. Buyer:
  b. Seller:
  c. Price: $

2. Spot Dictation. Listen to the tap again and fill in the following blanks.
    The deal would most People Express to , although the company will eventually and Texas Air.

3. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements.
(1) Before the merger can be completed it must be by .
(2) Texas Air is also trying to .
 

News Item 2:
Spot Dictation. Listen to the tape again and fill in the following blanks.
    A on Wall Street today after , the Dow Jones Industrial Average nearly , to close at .

News Item 3:
Fill in the blanks according to what you have heard on the tape.
1. Name of the Group: " "
  Total Number of Passengers:
  Time of Landing:
  Landing Place:
  Identity of the Passengers: and their
2. Thousands of and gave an to the Cuban former prisoners.
3. The flight nearly of negotiations with the .

News in Detail
1. Fill in the blanks to complete the information about Texas Air Corporation.
(1) Texas Air already owns .
(2) Texas Air is now in the process of acquiring Airlines, Airlines and Airlines.

2. Fill in the blanks to complete the information about People Express Airlines.
(1) People Express Airlines is know as one of the first , carriers.
(2) The trouble that People Express Airlines has been in is a one.
(3) People Express was forced to its subsidiary, .

3. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements.
(1) By purchasing People Express, Texas Air will get
  a. ,
  b. ,
  c. at , ,
  d. , and
  e. in the .
(2) In order to get the approval from the Department of Transportation, Texas Airlines should agree to .
(3) The Department of Transportation insists on Texas Air's selling more slots because it wants to ensure that there is still in .
(4) Texas Air (does/doesn't) have to sell slots or gates to another airline when it buys People Express this time because People Express is a company and the Department of Transportation thought is would be better to let Texas Air and , rather than let People Express .
(5) If the merger is approved by the Department of Transportation and if there is , the are likely to .

4. Spot Dictation. Listen to the tape again and fill in the following blanks.
    You would think that when you move from in a market to just that prices . But I want you to that of the kind offered, you know, were being and anyway, because they were not . ... If you allow to take place, or many mergers to take place, you might and leading possibly to . ... And if an airline in a particular market was and , other airlines would and prices would be through .

Special Report

1. General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statements.
(1) According to Nancy Griffith, the pop song singer, her natural roots are in ____________.
a. country music
b. folk music
c. operatic music
d. classical music
(2) When Nancy Griffith says "I've moved in that direction," she means _____________.
a. "I've gone in that direction"
b. "I've followed that direction"
c. "I've developed in that direction"
d. "I've undertaken that direction"

2. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements.
(1) Nancy Griffith took the picture in front of a Woolworth store for her cover photo of her album because her " " deals with the Woolworth store.
(2) She posed with a book in her hand for her album's cover photo because her consists of from to years old and she wants to take every opportunity to to .
(3) Nancy Griffith was in her hotel room and two people . When she was at the moon, the song " " just came flowing to her.

3. Spot Dictation. Listen to the tape again and fill in the following blanks.
    If you listen to and you listen to the that's on that song, it's easy. It's just and .

1. Texas Air
 

    It refers to the Texas Air Corporation which is the American holding company incorporated on June 11, 1980. It originally owned Texas International Airlines (founded in 1944), which disappeared, however, when merged with Continental Airlines (acquired in 1981??1983). Texas Air also owns New York Airlines, and in 1986 it acquired both Eastern Airlines, Inc. and People Express Airlines, thus becoming one of the largest air carriers in the world. The corporation is headquartered in Houston, Texas.

2. Eastern Airlines
    A major American airline founded by Harold Frederick Pitcairn (1891??1960) in 1928 as Pitcairn Aviation, Inc. It became Eastern Air Transport in 1929. Now it serves most of the metropolitan areas of the northeastern and southeastern United States, with extensions to the western United States, the Caribbean, Canada, and South America. In 1986 the airline was taken over by Texas Air Corporation.

3. Pan Am
    Pan Am Corporation is a holding company established in 1984, its chief subsidiary being Pan American World Airways, Inc. The airline was founded in 1927 as Pan American Airways, a name retained until 1950, and, in the second half of the present century, it has been serving cities in many countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Headquarters are in the Pan Am Building in New York City. In 1986, United Airlines, Inc. took over, by purchase, Pan Am's routes to cities in Asia and the South Pacific.

Department of Transportation
    It is an executive department of the US government, whose function is to develop and coordinate policies that will provide an efficient and economical national transportation system, with due regard for need, environmental standards, and national defense. The Department is headed by a secretary, who is a member of the president's cabinet. Department of Transportation was established by an act of Congress on October 15, 1966 and the first secretary took office on January 6 of the following year.

1. Texas
    A state of the southwest of the United States, on the Gulf of Mexico. The name of the state comes from an Indian word meaning "friends," hence the state motto "friendship." Nicknamed as the "Lone Star State," Texas became the twenty-eighth US state in 1845. Its border disputes led to the Mexican War of 1846??1848. Today, second only to Alaska in land area, Texas leads all other states in such categories as oil, cattle, sheep, and cotton. Possessing enormous natural resources, Texas is a major agricultural state and an industrial giant. Its capital is Austin.

2. Houston
    A city and port of southeast Texas, connected to the Gulf of Mexico by a canal ninety-four kilometers long. Houston is a major petroleum center with large refineries. It is also an agricultural center, especially for rice. Houston was founded in 1836 and named after General Sam Houston (1793??1863) who won Texan independence from Mexico. It is often known as Space City from the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center nearby.

3. Tennessee Williams
    This is the pseudonym of American playwright Thomas Lanier Williams. Born in Missouri in 1911, his work is heavy with the frustrations of life in the Deep South, especially among his women characters, for instance, in The Glass Menagerie (1945), A Street Car Named Desire (1947), and The Night of the Iguana (1961).

4. Vancouver
    The third largest city of Canada and its chief Pacific seaport, on the mainland of British Columbia, Pacific terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It has an international airport, and is a major tourist center. The site was taken possession of by George Vancouver for Britain in 1792, and Vancouver was founded by the Hudson's Bay Co. in 1825.

Texas Air announced today that it will buy the troubled People Express Airlines for about a hundred and twenty-five million dollars. The proposed deal would allow most People Express employees to keep their jobs, although the company will eventually lose its identity and become part of Texas Air. Federal officials must approve the merger. Texas Air is also trying to buy Eastern Airlines.


A rally on Wall Street today after six consecutive losing sessions, the Dow Jones Industrial Average ended the day up nearly nine points, to close at seventeen sixty-seven point fifty-eight.


What's being called a "Freedom Flight" of seventy former Cuban Political prisoners landed in Miami today to an ecstatic reception by thousands of relatives and well-wishers. The plane also carried forty-one relatives of former prisoners. The flight culminated nearly two years of negotiations with the Castro regime.


Texas Air Corporation today announced that it has agreed to buy People Express Airlines for one hundred twenty-five million dollars in securities. Texas Air already owns Continental Airlines and New York Air. It is in the process of acquiring Eastern Airlines. People Express, one of the first no-frills, low-fare air carriers, has been in financial trouble lately. It was forced to shut down its subsidiary, Frontier Airlines. Texas Air now says it will acquire Frontier's assets as part of its deal with People Express. Joining us now from New York, NPR's business reporter Barbara Mantel.
"Barbara, it is said this is a very attractive low price, this one hundred twenty-five million dollars in securities. Besides that, why does Texas Air want People Express?"
"Well, Frank Lorenzo, who is Chairman of Texas Air, will get airplanes from People Express, which he might need. He will get the lowest cost work-force in the industry at People Express. He will get a new terminal at Newark, New Jersey that People Express is building. He'll get flights to London, and he will get control over competition. People Express competes heavily, especially in the northeast corridor, with Texas Air."
"This issue of competition has been a sticking point before for the Department of Transportation when two airlines wanted to get together. How will Texas Air get around it this time?"
"Well, they might not, Texas Air wanted to acquire East ..., or wants to acquire, Eastern Airline, and the Department of Transportation said, 'No, not unless you sell more landing slots, more slots in the northeast corridor to Pan Am so that we'll have some competition there.' And Texas Air agreed to that just last week. That may happen again here. The Department of Transportation may require that Texas Air sell some slots or some gates to another airline to ensure that there is still competition in the northeast part of the marketplace. But Texas Air has some leverage here with the Department of Transportation because People Express is a failing company. And the Department of Transportation may feel, 'Well, we'll let them buy People Express and keep it running, rather than let it fail and lose all those jobs."
"Mm hm. Now, if the deal is approved by the Department of Transportation, what is it likely to mean for consumers? If there's less competition the fares could possibly go up."
"Well, yes. You would think that when you move from two competitors in a market to just one airliner that prices would just have to go up. But I want you to keep in mind that unrestricted fares of the kind People Express offered, you know, wholesale unrestricted fares, were being eliminated and phased out anyway, because they were not profitable. And the Department of Transportation theory here is that if you allow mergers to take place, or many mergers to take place, you might create more efficiencies and low costs, leading possibly to lower fares. And also the Department of Transportation believes that there's a lot of potential competition in the marketplace. Airlines can move planes around and buy gates, and so that if an airline in a particular market segment was making a lot of money and raising prices excessively, other airlines would move in and prices would be brought down through competition. So that it's a nice theory, the theory of potential competition keeping prices in line, but it's sort of a new idea and it's not clear that that's really the way it would work."
"Thanks." From New York, NPR's Barbara Mantel.


"My audiences have been very devoted over the years throughout the country. And they've expanded and grown and the country audience has been just as kind and as supportive as the folk audience has been."
"I was thinking though, nonetheless, when I put on this album, 'The Last of the True Believers,' especially the title cut, that I heard more country there than I'd perhaps heard before."
"Well, I guess it has ... I've moved in that direction, mainly because I am playing with the band more. My natural roots are there in country and hillbilly music. And so I think that just comes out more when you put the band with it."
"I want to ask you some questions, please, about this album, about the ... not so much what's on the inside right now, but what's on the outside—a picture on the front of you in front of a Woolworth store, someplace, I guess, in Texas or Tennessee, and ..."
"Houston, Texas."
"In Houston, Texas? Is it the Woolworth store that has the hardwood floor still and the parakeets in the back and that sort of thing?"
"Well, this one that we shot this in front of in Houston Texas is one of the largest ones in the country. It's a two-storey and it's got the escalator that does a little pinging noise every couple of minutes. And it takes up a whole city block."
"But, why a cover photo in front of Woolworth's?"
"Well, that comes from the song 'Love at the Five and Dime,' which was a song that Cathy Mattea also cut this year and had my first, you know, top five country hit with. And it deals with the Woolworth store."
"There is, on the cover, you are holding a book, and you can't really see. ... What is the name of the book on the cover you're holding?"
"In the Kindness of Strangers, the latest Tennessee Williams' biography."
"And on the back is Larry McMurtrie's book about a cattle drive around the turn of the century, Lonesome Dove ."
"He's my main prose hero."
"Now, why? Why would you do that? Why would you pose with a book?"
"Well, I have, my audience consists of a lot of young people between the ages of, maybe you know, fourteen and twenty-five. And I read a lot, and I also write short stories and have written a novel. And I just feel like young people are missing out because they don't read books. And any time I have the opportunity to influence the young person to pick up a book and read it, I would try to do that."
"When you hear these lyrics, when the words come to you, are you hearing the stanzas as poetry or as music?"
"Well, I'm hearing them as music. Lyrics usually come to me, and songs come to me as a total picture. And the music and the lyrics come at the same time. Sometimes they shoot me straight up in bed, you know, in the middle of the night. The Wing and the Wheel' is a very special song to me. It's probably my favorite song that I've ever written. And that song was inspired at the Vancouver Folk Festival by two people who are from Managua, Nicaragua. They have a duo call Duo Guar Buranco. And just about four o'clock in the morning, I was sitting in my hotel room and listening to them sing in the room next door, and looking out the window at this little fingernail moon hanging out over the Vancouver Bay, and that song just came flowing, you know, and was inspired by those two people."
"Now, that sounds easy."
"Well, it IS easy. If you listen to yourself and you listen to the inspiration that's bringing on that particular song, it's easy. It's just a matter of getting up and writing it down."
Nancy Griffith, talking with us in WPLN in Nashville. She is continuing her national tour with the Everly Brothers. Her latest album is called "The Last of the True Believers."
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