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Listen To This3lesson 7

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News in brief
News Item 1:
1. General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statements.
(1) Both House and Senate negotiators ______________.
a. agreed on an extensive immigration legislation
b. agreed to drop further discussion on immigration legislation
c. agreed to work out a solution to immigration legislation soon
d. agreed to establish a system of fines against all illegal aliens
(2) The new immigration legislation could _____________.
a. free millions of imprisoned aliens
b. legalize millions of illegal aliens
c. decrease the number of years that illegal aliens have to serve in jail
d. penalize alien employees

2. True or False Questions.
(1) Amnesty could not be granted to those illegal aliens who entered the country after 1982.
(2) Amnesty could also be granted to those illegal aliens who have established good reputations.

3. Focusing on Details. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
(1) The bill was worked our in of negotiations.
(2) The bill would establish of against who hire .

News Item 2:
General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statements.
1. The Supreme Court today agreed to decide _____________.
a. if Illinois can inform the parents of minor details of the abortions of their girls
b. if Illinois can obtain parental consent before abortions are performed
c. if Illinois can require minors wanting abortions to gain doctor's consent
d. if Illinois can ask minors wanting abortions to inform their parents or gain judicial agreement
2. The 1983 law required some girls _____________.
a. to reconsider the decision they made twenty-four hours beforehand
b. to tell their parents they wanted an abortion twenty-four hours before the operation
c. to gain their parents' consent twenty-four hours before the operation
d. to obtain judicial consent twenty-four hours before the operation

News Item 3:
1. Fill in the blanks with the information according to what you have heard on the tape.
(1) Date of Announcement:
(2) Title of the Prize:
(3) Name of the Winner:
(4) Age of the Winner: years old
(5) Number of Books completed:
(6) Central Theme of His Works: His in and on
(7) US Address: , New York City
(8) Place of Birth:

2. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statements.
(1) Wiesel said that the honor belongs to all the survivors who have tried to do something ____________.
a. with their lives
b. with their silence
c. with their pain
d. a, b, and c
(2) Elie Wiesel and his family were sent to a Nazi death camp, but ____________.
a. only he and his younger sister survived
b. only he survived
c. only he and his two sisters survived
d. only he and his father survived

3. Fill in the blanks with detailed information concerning Elie Wiesel.
(1) He has been a for years.
(2) He said he would dedicate his Prize to of the and .
(3) After the war, Wiesel went first to , then to .
(4) He is with the first use of the word "Holocaust" to describe the of .

News in Detail
1. General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statements.
(1) Hispanics in the country and in Congress have opposed the part of the bill _____________.
a. public opinion considers most significant
b. the majority in Congress considers most important
c. most of them consider important to their own interests
d. most employers consider significant to their own interests
(2) For those who hire illegal aliens, the measures would provide _______________.
a. civil penalties and employer sanctions
b. employer sanctions and criminal penalties
c. criminal penalties and discrimination
d. civil penalties and criminal penalties
(3) Hispanics worry the employer sanctions would lead to _______________.
a. discrimination
b. amnesty for aliens
c. immigration reform
d. more horror stories
(4) The immigration bill includes amnesty for aliens who have been in this country for five years in order to appease _______________.
a. Hispanics and others
b. employers who repeatedly hire illegal aliens
c. aliens in general
d. border state representatives

2. Spot Dictation. Listen to the tape again and fill in the following blanks.
(1) The new bill includes strong language for who hire while still allowing someone to hire before .
(2) The idea of deporting all of those people seemed to most members of .

3. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements.
(1) Many border state representatives oppose the legalization provisions because they believe . And all those people could .
(2) The other controversial area of the immigration bill is .
(3) Agricultural interests wanted to be able to without .
(4) Finally a compromise was reached which permitted up to farm workers to and promised to and to allow them to if they .
(5) The combination of and made members of Congress decide the time had come to enact immigration reform.
(6) Supporters of reform say that the end is not here yet, because , and .

Special Report
1. General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statements.
(1) Many photography shops are quite busy because ______________.
a. people have returned from their vacation
b. people hope to have their pictures developed quickly
c. people have learned that they will have better results if they develop their films there
d. people hope to show their pictures to friends
(2) Tom Baudet say that he takes lousy pictures because ______________.
a. his shots are deceiving
b. his shots aren't technically good
c. he is only an amateur photographer
d. the pictures are too honest

2. Write a summary with examples from Baudet's commentary to explain how can lie to a camera.

Suggested version: According to Tom Baudet, we often exaggerate a little to a camera. For instance, we put on our having-a-wonderful-time smile when we take pictures during our vacation although we have been complaining about the trip, or we put an arm around the person next to us when we take pictures together as if we have been standing that way all day.

3. Focusing on Details. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
  The really special times that there never seems to be a camera around are:
    a. the make-up embrace ;
    b. the look on your face
      ;
    c. the quiet ride home from the hospital
      .

4. Spot Dictation. Listen to the tape again and fill in the following blanks.
    Those times when like me will catch you on your face that would show or during a conversation you didn't intend . Well, we all sometimes, and sooner or later we . ... We all know , and it's nice to keep whenever we can. But I don't mind . Either way they all to me.

1. amnesty

    On May 5, 1987, the Immigration Reform and Control Act came into effect in the United States, illegal immigrants were offered an amnesty??a pardon from the government??from deportation. On October 17, 1986, a landmark Immigration Bill was voted in Congress. Compromise approved by Congress prohibited hiring of illegal aliens and offered amnesty to millions residing in the United States.

2. judicial consent
    The agreement of the court.

3. Nobel Peace Prize
    Alfred Nobel, the Swedish chemical experimenter and businessman, died on December 10, 1896. In his will, he proposed to establish a fund, the interest on which should be annually distributed in the from of prizes. And the Peace Prize "shall go to the person who, during the proceeding year, has done the most or the best work for fraternity among nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and for the hold and promotion of peace congresses." The champions of peace are awarded by a committee of five persons elected by the Norwegian Parliament.

4. Elie Wiesel
    American writer and educator. He was born in a Jewish family in Rumania and suffered from the Nazi prosecution during World War II . Wiesel believed that any infringement of dignity to any human being is a wound to all. And this conviction enabled him to transmute his own personal suffering into a vehicle for expressing concern for victims of violence everywhere. While recognizing that anger may be a necessary response to injustice, Wiesel realizes that hatred destroys the hater as well as the hated and must be disavowed. It was for his devotion to and exemplification of these themes that Wiesel was awarded the 1986 Nobel Peace Prize.

5. Nazi extermination of the Jews
    Extermination refers to the mass murder of a minority group. Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazis murdered six million Jews by various means, reducing European Jewry from a prewar 9.5 million by almost two-thirds.

6. Oslo
    It was called Kristiania from 1624 to 1924. The Capital, chief port and industrial center of Norway, Oslo is located at the head of Oslo fiord in the southeast. Oslo was founded in 1050, destroyed by fire in 1624 and rebuilt. Important buildings in Oslo include the Royal Palace, the Parliament House, the University of Oslo, the national theatre, and the new town hall.

1. illegal aliens
    US immigation laws define an alien as any person not a citizen of the United States. An illegal alien is one who, either because he has violated his admission status or because of some act committed after his entry, is illegally in the United States. He may be deportable.

2. filibuster
    A legislative device to thwart majority action on a measure by prolonging or delaying a vote. Filibusters are regarded as a peculiar province of the US Senate, which jealously grards its right to free debate, limited only by the closure rule. Attacked as obstructive of the democratic process, filibusters also are defended as protective of minority rights.

Both House and Senate negotiators today approved sweeping immigration legislation that could grant amnesty to millions of illegal aliens who entered the country before 1982. The bill, as worked out in five hours of closed-door negotiations, would establish a system of fines against employers who hire illegal immigrants. It would also make those who came to the US illegally but have established roots in this country eligible for amnesty.


The Supreme Court today agreed to decide if Illinois can require minors wanting abortions to notify their parents or obtain judicial consent. The justices will review the decision striking down a 1983 law, which required some girls to wait twenty-four hours after telling their parents they wanted an abortion.


It was announced today that the winner of this year's Noble Peace Prize is Elie Wiesel. He has written twenty-five books on his experiences in a Nazi prison of war camp and on the Holocaust. And he's been a human rights activist for thirty years. NPR's Mike Shuster reports. "Wiesel was sleeping in his Manhattan apartment when he received the word at five o'clock this morning from the Nobel Committee in Oslo, Norway. Wiesel said he was flabbergasted at the news, and later at a press conference, he said he would dedicate his Prize to the survivors of the Holocaust and their children. "The honor is not mine alone. It belongs to all the survivors who have tried to do something with their pain, with their memory, with their silence, with their life." Wiesel, fifty-eight, is a native of Rumania. As a teenager, he and his family were sent to a Nazi death camp. He and two sisters survived; his mother, father, and younger sister did not. After the War, Wiesel went first to France, then to the United States. He is credited with the first use of the word 'Holocaust' to describe the Nazi extermination of the Jews."


A House-Senate Conference Committee has agreed to an immigration reform bill. The measure, which had died in the final days of the last two Congresses, now looks as though it will become law. NPR's Cokie Roberts reports.
One of the chief advocates of the immigration bill, New York Democrat Charles Schumer, says that this year immigration became a white hat issue, that the forces fighting against the measures finally had a force on the opposite side of equal rate public opinion. The opponents of immigration reform have always been many: Hispanics in Congress and in the country have opposed the part of the bill most lawmakers consider key—punishment for employers who knowingly hire illegals. The measure, passed at a conference today, would provide civil penalties and criminal penalties for those who repeatedly hire illegal aliens. Hispanics worry the employer sanctions would cause discrimination against anyone with an accent or Spanish name, whether legal or not. The new bill includes strong anti-discrimination language for employers who do refuse to hire any Hispanics while still allowing someone to hire a citizen before an alien. To appease Hispanics and others, the immigration bill includes amnesty for aliens who have been in this country for five years. Many border state representatives fought against the legalization provisions, saying that millions of people could eventually become citizens and bring their relatives to this country. All those people could bankrupt the state's social services, said the representatives, but the idea of deporting all of those people seemed impractical as well as inhumane to most members of Congress. And aliens who came to this country before 1982 will be able to apply for legalization. The other major controversial area of the immigration bill is the farm worker program. Agricultural interests wanted to be able to bring workers into this country to harvest crops without being subjected to employer sanctions, but the trade unions opposed this section of the bill. Finally, a compromise was reached where up to three hundred and fifty thousand farm workers could come into this country, but their rights would be protected and they would also be able to apply for legalization if they met certain conditions. The elements of the final immigration package have been there all along, but this year, say the key lawmakers around this legislation, the Congress was ready to act on them. The combination of horror stories about people coming over the borders and editorials about congressional inability to act made members of Congress decide the time had come to enact immigration reform. But supporters of reform warn the end is not here yet. The conference report must still pass both houses of Congress, and a Senate filibuster is always a possibility. I'm Cokie Roberts at the Capitol.


Many photography shops are quite busy this time of the year. People back from vacation are dropping off rolls of film and hoping for the best. But commentator Tom Baudet learned a long time ago he was better off not hoping.
I've been told that I take lousy pictures. It's not that my shots aren't technically OK; it's just that my pictures seem to bring out the worst in people. I hope that's not a sign of something. I usually end up throwing half the pictures I take. It's not that they're deceiving. Not at all; they're just too honest. It's true what they say that a camera never lies, but you certainly can lie to a camera. We do it all the time; at least we exaggerate a little to a lens. The first thing you'll usually hear when you point a camera at someone is, "Wait, I'm not ready." Well, so you wait while they brush the crumbs off their chin, put out a cigarette, or throw an arm around the person next to them like they've been standing that way all day. Well, you get your picture, but it's blown all out of proportion. Everybody's having a little more fun than they really were and liking each other more than they actually do. We're all guilty of this one time or another. You're with your sweetheart travelling somewhere. You've been walking and complaining about the price of the room, the blister on your heel and the rude waitress at the cafe. But then, you stop somebody on the street, hand them your camera, and put on your very best having-a-wonderful-time smile. Well, ten years later you'll look at that picture in a scrapbook and remember what a great trip it was, whether it was or not. For it's natural thing to do: plant little seeds of contentment in our lives in case we doubt we ever had any. Well, it's good practice to take an opportunity to mug up to a camera. There never seems to be a camera around for the real special times: that make-up embrace after a long and dangerous discussion, the look on your face as you hold the phone and hear you got that promotion, the quiet ride home from the hospital after learning those suspicious lumps were benign and something to watch but not worry about. Those are the memories that should be preserved, to be remembered and relied upon when harder times take hold. Those times when a photographer like me will catch you at a party with a loneliness on your face that you didn't think would show or bitterness tugging at your lips during a conversation you didn't intend to be overheard. Well, we all slip up like this sometimes, and sooner or later we get caught with our guards down. I think that's why I end up with pictures like that, I like it when people leave their guards down. We all know our best sides, and it's nice to keep that face forward whenever we can. But I don't mind having pictures of the other sides. Either way they all look just like people to me.
Writer Tom Baudet. He lives in Homer, Alaska.
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