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Listen To This3lesson 1

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News in Brief
News Item 1:
1. General comprehension, choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statements
(1) David Jacobsen was _________.
a. US colonel stationed in West Germany
b. a freed American hostage
c. one of the remaining captives in Lebanon
d. the man who worked to gain the release of hostages in Lebanon
(2) Terry Waite wanted _________.
a. to criticize the US government's handling of the hostage situation
b. to have his checkups at the air force hospital
c. to continue with his efforts to gain the release of other hostages
d. to show his thanks to the Reagan administration
(3) The doctor's initial impression is that __________.
a. the hostage has heart-breaking disappointments
b. the hostage hasn't dealt well with the stresses of his captivity
c. the hostage is very tired both physically and mentally
d. the hostage is physically in very good condition

2. Identification. Match each item in Column I with one item in Column II by recognizing the person's occupation or remarks??
Column I
(1) Charles Moffitt
(2) David Jacobsen
(3) Terry Waite
(4) President Reagan

Column II
a. "There's no way to tell right now. We've been working on that."
b. an Anglican Church envoy
c. colonel, hospital director
d. appealed today for the release of other captives in Lebanon

Answer: (1) ?? ; (2) ?? ; (3) ?? ; (4) ?? .

News Item 2:
1. General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete the following statement.
Mr. Reagan was in Las Vegas __________.
a. complaining about Jim Santini
b. campaigning for Republican candidate Jim Santini
c. accompanying Republican candidate Jim Santini
d. campaigning for Democrat Harry Reed

2. Focusing on Details. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
    ... Jim Santini, who is Democrat, Harry Reed.

News Item 3:


1. General Comprehension. Choose the best answer (a??b??c??or d) to complete the following statement
In Mozambique today Chissano __________.
a. died in a plane crash
b. replaced prime Minister of the transitional government
c. was announced to be the Foreign Minister
d. was elected the new president

2. Focusing on Details. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
(1) Samora Machel was Mozambiques's former who .
(2) The Central Committee of the Party contains members.
(3) Joaquim Chissano is Mozambique's who is years old.
(4) Mozambique gained its independence from in
(5) Chissano was of the -month government

News in Detail
1. True or False Questions.
(1) Jacobsen was accompanied by Charles Moffitt from Beirut to Wiesbaden today.
(2) Jacobsen will be joined in Wiesbaden tomorrow by his family.
(3) After his release Jacobsen criticized President Reagan for his government's inability in handling the hostage situation in Lebanon
(4) Jacobsen refused to answer any questions from the reporters.
(5) Terry Waite would not go back to Beirut until next month for further negotiations.

2. Focusing on Detail. Choose the best answer (a, b, c, or d) to complete each of the following statement.
(1) The released American had been held in Lebanon for almost _________.
a. half a year
b. one year
c. one year and a half
d. two years and a half
(2) _________ Jacobsen was released in Beirut.
a. Forty-four hours earlier
b. Thirty-four hours earlier
c. Twenty-four hours earlier
d. Fourteen hours earlier??
(3) Jacobsen will spend the next several days in the US air force facility in Wiesbaden _________.
a. for a vacation
b. for a medical examination
c. to recuperate from the stresses of his captivity
d. for a reunion with his family
(4) US air force hospital commander, Charles Moffitt, said in a medical briefing this afternoon that Jacobsen __________.
a. had lost little weight
b. had lost five pounds
c. had lost a lot of weight
d. had gained little weight
(5) Jacobsen has refused to answer questions about his ___________ days as a hostage.
a. four months and twenty-four
b. five years and twenty-four
c. four hundred and twenty-four
d. five hundred and twenty-four
(6) He said his joy at being free was somewhat _________ by his concern for the other hostages left behind.
a. spoiled
b. diminished
c. influenced
d. ruined
(7) There are still _________ American hostages being held in Lebanon by various political groups.
a. several
b. some
c. seven
d. six
(8) Jacobsen will remain for debriefing sessions before returning to the United States ___________.
a. with the envoy, Terry Waite
b. with his family
c. with the special stress-management team from Washington
d. with other American hostages

3. Fill up the information chart for David Jacobsen.
Age: years old
Occupation:
Marital Status:
Physical Condition:
Current Address: Hospital in ,
Date of Arrival:
Proposed Date of Departure: undermined
Destination: (U.S.A./Germany)

4. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
(1) But this remains a mystery: What led to his ?
(2) Charles Moffitt joked that he would not like to Jacobsen's challenge to earlier in the day to a around the airport.
(3) Colonel Moffitt said that after an initial it seems as if Jacobsen with the stresses of his captivity.
(4) There was no at this point that he had been or .

Special Report
1. Fill in the blanks to complete the following statements according to that you have heard.
(1) Most Chinese thought Mao Tsetong as a , according to the speaker.
(2) Poetry was considered abysmal because of during the ten years of the .
(3) Leaders in China, as well as in the , are expected to be .
(4) Mao wrote some poems, poems actually, about that was a in China.
(5) , the translator of poems by Mao Tsetong, is a at in Bloomington.
(6) Mao's poetry was interesting because he was a and his personal poetry was .

2. True or False Questions.
(1) During his life, Mao became a cult figure, and the current government in China has tried to keep that.
(2) Now his tomb and embalmed body in Beijing are just another tourist attraction.

3. Focusing on Details. Fill in the detailed information according to what you have heard.
(1) Mao wrote poems about
  a. ,
  b. , and
  c. .
(2) Willis Barnstone, who has translated some of Mao's work, considers him as , one of China's .
(3) His being a famous revolutionary leader has prejudiced most people to .

1. Lebanon

Republic of Lebanon, with a population of 2,601,000, 93% of which are Arabs, occupies an area of 3,950 square miles on Eastern end of the Mediterranean with Syria on the east and Israel on the south. Its capital is Beirut and its official language is Arabic. It won its independence in 1920, but administered under French mandate from 1920 to 1941. Under the 1943 National Covenant, all public positions were divided among the various religious communities, with Christians in the majority. By the 1970s, Moslems became the majority, and demanded a larger political and economic role.

2. Wiesbaden

   Wiesbaden is the capital of the Land of Hessen, West Germany, with a population of 271,435 in 1979. The Land of Hessen is a state in West Germany, established in 1946.

3. Anglican Church
    Anglican Church is the Church of England and a member of the informal religious organization. Anglican Communion, including the Church of Ireland, the Scottish Episcopal Church, the Protestant Episcopal Church in the US, and other kindred churches with closely related beliefs and practices.

4. Las Vegas
    A city with a population of 64 thousand in the desert of Nevada, USA. It is the center of a vast recreation area, but better known for its night-clubs and for its gambling casinos in Fremont Street and the "Strip" outside the city.

5. Republican Party
    One of America's leading political parties, founded in 1854 by a coalition of opponents to slavery, who elected their first President, Abraham Lincoln in 1860.

6. Democratic Party
    One of the leading political parties in the United States, founded by Jefferson in 1792 to defend the rights of the individual states against the centralizing policy of the Federalists. The Democratic Party tends to be the party of the "small man," as opposed to the Republican Party, the party of "big business," but divisions between the two are not clear-cut now.

7. Mozambique
    People's Republic of Mozambique locates on the southeast coast of Africa, with Tanzania on the north, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe on the west, South Africa and Swaziland on the south. It has a population of a little more than 14 million and occupies an area of 303 thousand square miles, with Maputo as its capital. After having been under Portuguese colonial role for 470 years. Mozambique became independent on June 25, 1975.

8. Samora Machel
    S. Machel (1933??1986) was the first president of People's Republic of Mozambique, who headed the National Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) in its 10-year guerrilla war for independence against Portuguese colonial domination. He died in a plane crash in October 1986.

9. FRELIMO

National Front for the Liberation of Mozambique, first organized in 1963 and under the leadership of Samora Machel in its guerrilla war for independence. By 1973 guerrilla activity had become so extensive that Portugal was forced to dispatch 40 thousand troops to fight the rebels. A cease-fire was signed in September 1974, when Portugal agreed to grant Mozambique independence.

10. NPR

 National Public Radio, one noncommercial radio in Washington D.C.

1. Jihad
    The word means "struggle" in Arabic. It is used in the Koran to cover the duty of Moslems to oppose those who reject Islam. In 1981 in the Mecca Declaration the Islamic powers pledged a Jihad against Israel. Now Islamic Jihad is one of the major forces in Lebanon.
2. Beirut
    It is the capital, the largest port and the commercial center of Lebanon. It has a population of 750 thousand people.
3. Archbishop of Canterbury
    Archbishop is, in the Christian Church, a bishop of superior rank, who has authority over other bishops in his jurisdiction. Very often an Archbishop is also a metropolitan, that is, the head of an ecclesiastical province. The Archbishop of Canterbury, which means "Primate of All England," is one of the two Archbishops in the Church of England, with its seat in Kent, England. The other is the Archbishop of York, meaning "Primate of England."

Tojo

Hideki Tojo (1884-1948), Japanese politician. As the Prime Minister of Japan from 1941 to 1944, he was mainly responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor. He was tried and hanged as a war criminal.

Freed American hostage, David Jacobsen, appealed today for the release of the remaining captives in Lebanon, saying, "Those guys are in hell and we've got to get them home." Jacobsen made his remarks as he arrived at Wiesbaden, West Germany, accompanied by Anglican Church envoy, Terry Waite, who worked to gain his release. And Waite says his efforts will continue. Jacobsen had a checkup at the air force hospital in Wiesbaden. And hospital director, Colonel Charles Moffitt says he is doing well. "Although Mr. Jacobsen is tired, our initial impression is that he is physically in very good condition. It also seems that he has dealt with the stresses of his captivity extremely well." Although Jacobsen criticized the US government's handling of the hostage situation in a videotape made during his captivity, today he thanked the Reagan Administration and said he was darn proud to be an American. The Reagan Administration had little to say today about the release of Jacobsen or the likelihood that other hostages may be freed. Boarding Air Force One in Las Vegas, the President said, "There's no way to tell right now. We've been working on that. We've had heart-breaking disappointments."


Mr. Reagan was in Las Vegas campaigning for Republican candidate, Jim Santini, who is running behind Democrat, Harry Reed.


In Mozambique today a new president was chosen to replace Samora Machel who died in a plane crash two weeks ago. NPR's John Madison reports: "The choice of the 130-member Central Committee of the ruling FRELIMO Party was announced on Mozambique radio this evening. He is Joaquim Chissano, Mozambique's Foreign Minister, No. 3 in the Party. Chissano, who is forty-seven, was Prime Minister of the nine-month transitional government that preceded independence from Portugal in 1975. He negotiated the transfer of power with Portugal.


This much is clear tonight: an American held in Lebanon for almost a year and a half is free. David Jacobsen is recuperating in a hospital in Wiesbaden, West Germany. Twenty-four hours earlier, Jacobsen was released in Beirut by Islamic Jihad. But this remains a mystery: what precisely led to his freedom? Jacobsen will spend the next several days in the US air force facility in Wiesbaden for a medical examination. Diedre Barber reports.
After preliminary medical checkups today, David Jacobsen's doctor said he was tired but physically in very good condition. US air force hospital commander, Charles Moffitt, said in a medical briefing this afternoon that Jacobsen had lost little weight and seemed extremely fit. He joked that he would not like to take up Jacobsen's challenge to reporters earlier in the day to a six-mile jog around the airport. Despite his obvious fatigue, Jacobsen spent the afternoon being examined by hospital doctors. He was also seen by a member of the special stress-management team sent from Washington. Colonel Moffitt said that after an initial evaluation it seems as if Jacobsen coped extremely well with the stresses of his captivity. He said there was also no evidence at this point that the fifty-five-year-old hospital director had been tortured or physically abused. Jacobsen seemed very alert, asking detailed questions about the facilities of the Wiesbaden medical complex, according to Moffitt.
So far, Jacobsen has refused to answer questions about his five hundred and twenty-four days as a hostage. Speaking briefly to reports after his arrival in Wiesbaden this morning, he said his joy at being free was somewhat diminished by his concern for the other hostages left behind. He thanked the US government and President Ronald Reagan for helping to secure his release. Jacobsen also gave special thanks to Terry Waite, an envoy of the Archbishop of Canterbury, for his help in the negotiation. Waite who accompanied Jacobsen from Beirut to Wiesbaden today, said he might be going to Beirut in several days. There are still seven American hostages being held in Lebanon by different political groups. Jacobsen will be joined in Wiesbaden tomorrow by his family. Hospital officials said they still do not know how many days Jacobsen will remain for tests and debriefing sessions before returning to the United States with his family. For National Public Radio, this is Diedre Barber, Wiesbaden.


The leader of Chinese revolution, Mao Tsetong, died ten years ago today. During his lifetime, Mao became a cult figure, but the current government has tried to change that. Now his tomb and embalmed body in Beijing are just another tourist attraction. And no longer do millions of Chinese study or wave aloft the famous "Little Red Book" of Quotations from Chairman Mao. Along with the political writing, Mao wrote poetry as well—poems about the revolution, the Red Army, poems about nature. Willis Barnstone has translated some of Mao's work and considers him an original master, one of China's most important poets.
"Had he not been a revolutionary, perhaps his poetry would not have been as interesting because his personal poetry was the history of China. At the same time because he was a famous revolutionary and leader, it has prejudiced most people, almost correctly, to dismiss his poetry as simply the work of a man who achieved fame elsewhere."
"But his work was not dismissed within China though?"
"Well, now it's almost consciously forgotten. But when I was there in '72, you could see his poems on every dining room wall, engraved on peach-pits ... During lunch hours, workers would study his poems. They were every place."
"Is there, though, a revisionist thinking within literary circles? Are people saying Mao wasn't any good as a poet either?"
"No. Well, at least in my conversations in the year I recently spent in Peking teaching at the university there, I found very few people who didn't think he was a very good poet. But they did feel that his suggestions which were that people not write in the classical style, that they write in what he called the modern style, was very repressive. And as a result, of course, the restriction of publication during the ten years of the Cultural Revolution, poetry was abysmal."
"When you say the modern style, would that be, for example, free verse?"
"It would be free verse as opposed to classical rhymes or classical forms."
"You write in the introduction to one of your translations of poems of Mao Tsetong that people ... you explain that leaders in China, and indeed in the a East, are expected to be accomplished poets."
"Yes, I think that's true. The night that Tojo ... before Tojo died, he, ... in Japan, he wrote some poems. Ho Chi Minh was a poet. It was common. In fact, I think until early in the twentieth century, even to pass a bureaucratic exam, one had to know a huge number of classical forms. And especially, a leader should at least be a poet."
"There is one poem which is political in nature which has to do with a parasitic disease in China."
"Yes. Mao wrote some poems, two poems actually, about getting rid of a disease that was a plague for the country. And it's called 'Saying goodbye to the God of Disease.' And the poem needs annotation. In that sense, it's typical of classical Chinese poetry; he makes references to earlier emperors and places.

Saying Goodbye to the God of Disease
Mauve waters and green mountains are nothing
When the great ancient doctor Hua Tuo
Could not defeat a tiny worm.
A thousand villages collapsed, were choked with weeds,
Men were lost arrows, ghosts sang
In the doorway of a few desolate houses.
Yet now in a day, we leap around the earth,
Or explore a thousand milky ways.
And if the cowherd who loves on a star
Asks about the God of plagues,
Tell him, happy or sad, "The God is gone,
Washed away in the waters."

A poem by Mao Tsetong read by Willis Barnstone, Professor of Comparative Literature at Indiana University in Bloomington. He talked with us from WFIU.
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