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雅思写作大作文高分范文:政府只投资有用科学研究

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2019年08月02日

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  雅思写作题目讲解:

  Many people think that arts (painting and music) do not directly improve people's life, so government should spend money on other important areas. Do you agree or disagree? (2012.07.28)

  这两道题非常近似。今天雅思写作题目的对立面是rather than 左右两边的scientific research 和research for less useful subjects;而7月28日的对立面是arts 和other important areas. 本质上前者的scientific research 对应后者other important areas的一部分; 前者的less useful subjects对应后者的arts. 类似的雅思写作题目还有2011.11.05和 2011.07.16

  除了主要部分的相似,今天的雅思写作题目也有细微的不同之处。同学们要特别注意postgraduate research,所有关于艺术和科学的讨论都要围绕postgraduate research来进行。

  雅思写作思路:

  第一段:引入话题的对立面:奖学金发放,大学研究经费倾向科学还是‘用处不大’的学科,如艺术,社会科学

  第二段:1当然科学研究可以直接产生看得见的成果,如产品或技术,可以提高人民的生活水平;2科研的成果会提高生产力;3 医学研究提高大众健康水平和寿命

  但是只支持科学研究,而不顾人们其他方面的需求会导致社会畸形发展,最终也会制约科技的发展。

  第三段:人民需要艺术,因为:艺术相关人们的情感和价值观,这是人们行为的核心部分;艺术培养人的创造和创新能力;艺术是娱乐休闲方式,艺术是感情和精力释放的安全方式;艺术促进不同文化和民族间的理解,稳定社会的发展。社会科学如哲学历史人类学心理学等加深人们对人类自身的理解和更深远地对未来的健康发展的规划。

  第四段:政府应该既资助大学的科学研究,也资助社会科学和艺术。这样才能创造一个健康有生机的社会

  词汇拓展:

  1. underestimate 低估

  2. discipline 学科

  3. enrolment 入学

  4. anthropology 人类学

  5. philosophy 哲学

  6. comprehension= understanding

  7. range from…to… 范围从…到…

  8. carry their responsibility 担负…的责任

  9. emphasize 强调

  10. boom = prosper繁荣

  11. Tackle 解决

  12. empower 使人增强力量

  13. intangible 抽象的

  14. not necessarily 不一定

  15. solely = only 仅仅

  16. inspire 激励

  17. excel 出众

  18. make the best of 充分利用

  19. robust 有力量的

  20. enhance 增强

  21. channel 引导

  雅思写作范文:

  While the economy is booming in many countries, arts and social science postgraduate students are finding it more and more difficult to get scholarship or any other financial support. By contrast, more funds are favor to scientific areas. This leads to declining enrolment in arts and social science disciplines. The main reason is that some people overly emphasize economic benefits of scientific research, but underestimate the intangible roles of the arts, history, philosophy or anthropology and consider them less useful.

  在许多国家经济蓬勃发展的同时,艺术和社会科学的研究生们发现获得奖学金或其他经济资助越来越困难。相比之下,更多的资金被用于科学领域。这导致了艺术和社会科学学科的入学率下降。主要原因是有些人过分强调科学研究的经济利益,却低估了艺术、历史、哲学或人类学的无形作用,认为它们用处不大。

  It is a general practice in many countries that universities carry their responsibility of conducting research for the good of their community and sharing their results with the public. If we were to judge the value of a research by its material value, scientific research surely benefit people’s life more directly and visible than the arts. Such examples can range widely from medical breakthroughs which enhance human longevity and public health, to communication technology innovations which convenient the interaction between people and empower the mobility of individuals and businesses. Products, such as cars driven by solar energy, aimed at tackling environmental issues can make the earth a better place for us to live. However, the improved living standards do not necessarily increase the happiness of people as they are by nature emotionally connected to the world around them. That is to say the quality of life does not solely depend on materialism.

  在许多国家,这是一种普遍的做法,大学承担着为社区的利益进行研究的责任,并与公众分享他们的成果。如果我们用物质价值来判断一项研究的价值,科学研究肯定会比艺术更直接、更直观地让人们的生活受益。这些例子可以广泛地从提高人类寿命和公共卫生的医学突破,到通信技术的创新,方便人们之间的相互作用,并增强个人和企业的流动性。产品,例如由太阳能驱动的汽车,旨在解决环境问题,可以让地球成为我们生活的更好的地方。然而,生活水平的提高并不一定会增加人们的幸福感,因为他们天生就与周围的世界有情感联系。也就是说,生活的质量并不仅仅依赖于物质主义。

  Humans are emotional beings and need not only bread to eat but also roses to enjoy. It is the arts that deal with the non-material aspects of life such as passions, values and relationships which significantly influence people’s feelings and judgments. These are ultimately central to people’s behaviors. Another important benefit is that the arts inspire people to see their world from a personal point of view which is usually very unique and creative. And creativity and innovation is a crucial quality for an individual to excel in society and make the best of their life. Other values of the arts include relaxation and entertainment, safe way of channeling energy and passion, enhancing understanding between cultures and races. Social science leads people to reflect on human self and make a deeper comprehension of the society, helping make reasonable and positive decision for long-term issues.

  人类是情感的存在,不仅需要面包来吃,也需要玫瑰来享受。是艺术处理生活中的非物质方面,如激情、价值观和关系,这些都极大地影响着人们的感情和判断。这些都是人们行为的核心。另一个重要的好处是,艺术鼓励人们从个人的角度去看待他们的世界,这通常是非常独特和有创造性的。创新和创新是一个人在社会中出类拔萃的关键品质,也是他们生活中最好的。其他的艺术价值包括放松和娱乐,安全的引导能量和激情,增进文化和种族之间的理解。社会科学引导人们反思自我,对社会有更深刻的理解,有助于对长期问题做出合理、积极的决策。

  To conclude, research on the arts and social science are as important as science for humans, although they benefit us in different ways. To maintain a healthy and robust society, governments should offer equal financial support in all areas of society.

  总之,对艺术和社会科学的研究对人类来说和科学一样重要,尽管它们对我们有不同的益处。为了维持一个健康而强健的社会,政府应该在社会各方面提供平等的财政支持。


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