英语阅读 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 轻松阅读 > 诗歌散文 >  内容

双语 ● Why Failure Can Be Your Friend 和失败做朋友

所属教程:诗歌散文

浏览:

qinting

2019年09月17日

手机版
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

Why Failure Can Be Your Friend 和失败做朋友

◎ Scott Young

I believe it is important to separate good failures from bad failures. Good failures happen when, even though you made the correct decision, you still lost. Bad failures happen because you made bad decisions, or worse, didn’t make a decision at all. Although the two feel the same, they have a completely different long-term impact.

我认为辨别良好的失败与不好的失败很重要。良好的失败是指,即使你作了正确的决定,你依然失败了。不好的失败是因为你作出错误的决定,或更糟糕的是,你根本还没决定。虽然失败的感觉是一样的,但两种失败的长期影响完全不同。

I’m a novice poker player. One of the first things I learned was that there were good wins and bad wins. Good wins were because you had a sound strategy of betting where the odds were in your favor. Bad wins happened when you just got lucky. Going all-in on a 2-7 off-suit might win the hand. But it doesn’t mean you’re a good poker player.

我是个玩扑克的新手。我从扑克上学到的第一件事,是扑克也有好的双赢和不好的双赢。好的双赢是当你胜券在握时有一套很好的赌博策略。不好的双赢是因为仅仅出于运气才能赢。把全部赌注都压在二到七张非同花牌上或许也能赢,但这不意味着你是个玩扑克的好手。

Good Failures

良好的失败

Mentally separating good failures from bad failures takes work. Poker is a simple game where the laws of probability are cleanly defined. Real life is a lot messier. It takes more effort to decide which failures were because of a bad decision and which were just the unintended side-effects of the best choice available.

在心理上区分良好的失败与不好的失败需要花费精力。扑克只是一个简单的游戏,公平法则定义明确。现实生活则复杂得多。它需要付出更大的努力,来判断哪些失败是因为错误的决定,哪些失败仅是正确决策引起的未预料到的负面影响。

Although it can be difficult to separate the two, there are benefits to making two piles instead of just one. By separating the two types of failures, it is easier to persevere through good failures. It may hurt to have your Business proposal shut down for the fifteenth time, but it isn’t necessarily a bad failure.

尽管很难区分这两种失败,但将两者区分开来,比混淆在一起更为有益。通过区分两种失败,我们更能在良好失败的情况下继续坚持。如果你的商业计划被否定了15次,肯定会令你伤心,但这并不一定就是不好的失败。

By separating the two, you can also avoid more bad failures. If you fail because of laziness, indecision or poor planning, you can quickly correct those in the future. Knowing the difference between good failures and bad failures keeps you from repeating stupid mistakes.

通过区分两种失败,我们能避免更多的不好的失败。如果你是因为懒惰、优柔寡断或是不周全的计划而失败,你可以在未来很快更正。了解这两种失败的不同之处可以让我们避免重犯愚蠢的错误。

Types of Good Failures

良好失败的类型

I’ve found that there are several categories of good failures. These are the kinds of failures you might actually seek out. Since they come from good, not bad, decisions, they are the best way to fail.

我发现良好的失败有很多种类型。以下是一些你可以准确挑出的类型。它们产生于正确而非错误的决定,因此它们是最佳的失败。

1. High Upside, Low Downside

(1) 高正面影响,低负面影响

There are many areas of life where the upside is far greater than the downside. When I write an article, it takes about 90 minutes of work. If nobody comments or responds to that post, then I’ve just wasted 90 minutes.

生活中有很多时候,正面影响要比负面影响大很多。我写一篇文章,花了90分钟时间。如果没有人评论或回复我的文章,这90分钟就白白浪费了。

However, if the article becomes popular, it can bring in thousands of visitors to my website. Those thousands of visitors translate into new readers who can get value from the website. In addition, the extra traffic often results in a higher monthly income for me.

然而,如果这篇文章变得很受欢迎,它可以为我的网站带来数以千计的来访者。这些成千上万的访客会成为新的读者,从网站上获得价值。此外,这些来访也能为我带来更高的月收入。

Writing blog entries is an example where failure is cheap and winning can be huge. I’d gladly take a dozen or two dozen failures for a big hit. A post that doesn’t get attention is a good failure.

写博客条目就是一个例子,失败很廉价,而成功的赢利则非常巨大。我很乐于接受屡次失败,来获得一次巨大的成功。一次不引人注目的发表是一次良好的失败。

2. Breaking through Your Limits

(2) 挑战你的极限

The only way you can know your limits is to go past them. Occasionally I’ve committed myself to more work than I can handle. The result is stress and, in extreme cases, completes burnout. Doing more than you can handle on a regular basis is a recipe for a nervous breakdown.

知道自己极限的唯一方法是超越极限。有时候,我会让自己承受超过我能力范围之外的工作。其结果就是感受到压力,在一些极端的情况下,会觉得彻底筋疲力尽。在你正常工作量的基础上做得更多,是治疗精神崩溃的一剂良方。

However, if you don’t test those limits and occasionally go past them, you can never improve. You’ll always go slightly below your capacity, never reaching your possible potential. I don’t enjoy an exhausting schedule, but occasionally facing one ensures my productivity muscles stay strong.

然而,如果你不测试自己的极限,并且偶尔超过这个限度,你会一直无法提高。你的发挥将会低于你的能力,永远无法达到可能的潜力。我不喜欢一张令人疲惫的时间表,但偶尔尝试,能保证我的生产力肌肉保持强壮。

3. Embarrassment and Smart Risk-Taking

(3) 困窘与聪明的冒险

There are some situations where failures and successes can’t be separated. There is no action that will guarantee you only get success. In these cases, it can be useful to ignore the losses since the wins will make up for it.

在一些情况下,失败和成功是密不可分的。你无法保证只取得成功。在这些情况下,忽略损失是非常有用的,因为成功会弥补这些损失。

Public Speaking is a great example. Any chance you get to speak in public runs you the risk of embarrassment. You might say something stupid. The audience might not like your speech. But if you don’t face those failures, it’s impossible to deliver a fantastic speech.

公众演讲就是个极好的典范。任何一个在公众面前演讲的机会,都可能使你陷入尴尬境地。你可能说些愚蠢的话,观众可能不喜欢你的演讲。但如果你不面对这些失败,你永远也无法发表一次出色的演讲。

4. Staying Inside Your Comfort Zone

(4) 待在你的安逸区内

The only way to have a bad failure is to stay put. If you are constantly experimenting and pushing beyond your daily routine, any result is a good result. Avoiding the things that scare you doesn’t make you safe, it makes you weaker.

经历不好的失败的唯一方式是止步不前。如果你经常尝试打乱你的日程,任何结果都会是好结果。避免尝试威胁你安全的事情,这会削弱你的力量。

Over a year ago I took dance classes. For a self-proclaimed geek, this was definitely a step outside my comfort zone. I loved the class. Even though it was outside of my comfort zone, I had a great time and learned something valuable. This wasn’t a failure, but it just as easily could have been. It’s better to discourage laziness than occasionally stumbling.

一年前,我参加了舞蹈课程。对一个完全不懂舞蹈的我来说,这绝对是跨出我的安逸区的一步。我喜欢舞蹈课程。即使超出了自己得心应手的领域,我也很开心,而且学到了一些有价值的东西。这并不是一次失败,但失败可能随时发生。打击懒惰总比偶尔跌倒要好。

5. Taking on Too Big a Challenge

(5) 承受太大的挑战

More than a few times I’ve set goals that were nearly impossible to accomplish. I didn’t have enough time to reach the deadline and I had no idea what I was doing. Although setting extremely difficult challenges results in a lot of failures, it keeps you sharp.

有很多次,我设定了一些自己根本无法达到的目标。我并没有足够的时间做到最后期限,也不知道自己到底在做什么。尽管设置非常棘手的挑战会导致一次次的失败,但它可以使你保持敏锐。

The ideal challenge level is where success is possible, but only if you work incredibly hard. Unfortunately, finding this sweet spot means you’ll end up making some goals too hard and others too easy. If you never fail at a big challenge it probably means most of your goals have been set too easy.

理想的挑战限度是在成功的附近,并且你要非常努力地工作。不幸的是,发现这个令人欢喜的地方意味着你要结束制定一些太难或是太易的目标。如果你面对重大挑战时从不失败,可能就意味着你设定的大部分目标太容易。

Just as there are good failures and bad failures, there are good and bad wins. I’d rather have a good failure than a bad win. A bad win might feel nice in the short term, but it is damaging over the big picture.

正如失败有良好的和不好的之分,双赢也有良好的和不好的之分。我宁愿尝试良好的失败,而非不好的双赢。不好的双赢可能短时间内让人愉快,但却影响了未来的大局。

Do you have a personal example of a good failure?

你有个人遭遇良好失败的例子吗?

超多双语阅读,尽在听力课堂


内容来自 听力课堂网:show-568-449226-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂
微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
博聚网